Common Types Of Depression

There are three primary types of depressive disorder:

  1. Major depression manifests a combination of symptoms that interfere with your ability to work, eat, sleep, study, and enjoy once pleasurable activities. Disabling episodes of depression may occur only once but more commonly they occur several times in a lifetime.
  2. Dysthymia is a less severe type of depression that involves chronic symptoms that do not disabling but keep a person from functioning at their best or from feeling good. It becomes a part of their daily life. Many persons with dysthymia also experience major depressive episodes.
  3. Bipolar disorders are a third type of depressive disorder. They are less common than other types of depression. It is characterized by cycling mood changes: severe highs, or “mania”, and fluctuating periods of depression. At times, the mood switches are dramatic and frequent (rapid circlers), but the cycles usually occur more gradually.

    When in the depressed cycle, a person can have any or all of the symptoms of a depressive disorder. When in the manic cycle, a person may be overactive, with a pressured quality to their speech, and a flight of ideas. They often have a great deal of energy, needing little or no sleep for extended periods of time. Mania often affects thinking, judgment, impulse control and social behavior resulting in embarrassment and repercussions. These manic perceptions can become psychotic in their nature. Emotional liability is common in the manic phase.

    Bipolar Disorders need to be treated by a medical doctor for possible medications, as well as building your own inner coach.

This information is from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)


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